Do The Data Protection Act & Freedom of Information Act in Education apply to you? It depends on who you are, where you are and how you are funded. A simple answer is that all schools in the UK have to comply with the Data Protection Act. It’s a reserved power.
Even this simple answer is complicated by whether you are a state funded school in Scotland in which case the work will be done for you by the local council.
In Scotland, state schools have a Parent Council which doesn’t have the status of a Board of Governors in England. Schools do not have to notify - the local council handles it. In England, the Board of Governors is responsible for compliance with all law not just information related law.