I observe their actions, their work, the way they are learning the skills I'm teaching. Are they engaged, making their best effort? Do they remember skills taught in prior weeks and apply them? Do they self-assess and make corrections as needed?
Transfer of knowledge
Can students transfer knowledge learned in my class to other classes and/or other parts of their life? Do I hear fun stories from parents and teachers about how students used something learnt? Do the students themselves share a snippet with me about how they 'helped mum use Google Maps to find..."
Are students comfortable flipping learning and becoming the teacher? There's a hierarchy of learning that goes like this:
- Student doesn't listen
- Student doesn't believe
- Student tries it once
- Student remembers it
- Student shows it to others
- Student teaches others
Like Maslowe's Hierarchy of Needs, the highest praise is that students teach the skill to others. That's learning.
I encourage it in my classes by having the lab open during recess and lunch, but with students as helpers. I only take 1-2 and always have more offers than I need.
Can students use the right words to share answers? No umms, no hand motions, no giggles. Can they take a deep breath and share their knowledge in a few succinct sentences? This works well on a discussion board which I use as a summative for vocabulary and problem solving tests. I set up a discussion board, ask each student to add a problem or vocabulary word we covered, and then comment on a classmate's. They can then use this resource during the test. We've done it a few times and students have figured out if they blow off the discussion board part of the assessment, everyone suffers. Friends don't have the study guide, or worse, the answer's wrong because classmates didn't take the time to write it correctly.
I like portfolios, but today, that means digital. Collect all student work onto wikis, digital lockers, Box.net, via embed widgets or screen shots or the original software. Keep it in the cloud where students, teachers, even parents can access it. That's transparency. No one will wonder what grade the student earned.
But not in an essay. Use knowledge to create a magazine, an Animoto video, a Puzzlemaker crossword (click Great Resources for ideas). It's the 'use' part of assessment that's most important. Can students use the knowledge or does it just sit in a mental file folder?
This can be summative, formative, informational, or informal. It can be a quick answer to questions in the classroom, coming up to the smartboard and solving a problem, teaching classmates how to solve a problem during class, or preparing a multimedia presentation to share with others online or in person. It includes much more than an assessment of learning. It judges a student's presentation skills, ability to talk to people - life skills fundamental.
In the end, the choice of assessment depends upon the goal of teaching. Which works best for you?